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The Course Objectives


The Learning to Look at Western Architecture is a course taught by Oxford University's Continuing Education Department. The course is designed to enable students to 'read' the architecture of the Western world in a critically informed way. Students learn to recognise and differentiate between the major architectural styles of the western tradition and gain a greater understanding of the way that buildings are built, and why they look the way they do.

The course takes a more or less chronological look at Architecture from Greek and Roman times and observe how the elements of classical architectural tradition of earlier periods have been reflected and translated through Gothic, Renaissance and Modern architectural styles.

Below is a table of the major archtiectural styles studied with links to further information on the styles and architects who were most prominent during those periods.

Architectural table
Architectural Style Sub-Style Architect Building Country Century

Sub Style

Architect Parthenon Greece 400 BC
Roman Sub Style Architect Colosseum Pantheon Italy 1st and 2nd Century
Byzantine Sub Style Architect Hagia Sophia Turkey 1st Century
Carolingian Sub Style Architect Lorsch Germany 8th Century
Romanesque Sub Style Architect Duomo di Pisa Italy 11th Century
Gothic Early Architect Laon Cathedral Durham Catherdral France/UK 12th Century
Gothic Decorated Architect York Minster UK 11th Century
Gothic Perpendicular Architect Bath Abbey UK 12th Century
Renaissance Early Brunelleschi Alberti Florence Cathedral S. Francesco Italy 15th Century
Renaissance High Bramante Tempietto S Pietro Italy 16th Century
Renaissance Mannerism Michelangelo Laurentian Library Italy 16th Century
Baroque European Continental Guarani Juvarra Vittone S. Lorenzo Superga Valinotto Italy Century
Baroque English WrenVanbrughHawksmoor St Paul's Castle Howard Blenheim UK Century
Neo-Classical Palladian Inigo Jones Palladio Banqueting House Villa Capra UK/Italy 17th Century
Neo-Classical Post Palladian Robert Adam Apsley House UK Century
Neo-Classical Empire Percier Fontaine Arc de Triomphe France 19th Century
Gothic Revival Sub Style Pugin Palace of Westminster UK 19th Century
Bauhaus Sub Style Gropius Bauhaus Germany 20th Century
Art Nouveau Modernisme Gaudi Sagrada Spain 20th Century]]
Art Deco Art Deco Van Allen Chrysler USA 20th Century
Modern International Van de Rohr Seagram USA 20th Century
Modern Brutalist Goldfinger Trellick UK 20th Century
Post Modern Sub Style Graves Portland PBS USA 20th Century

The Architecture Glossary is here

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