The Course Objectives
The Learning to Look at Western Architecture is a course taught by Oxford University's Continuing Education Department. The course is designed to enable students to 'read' the architecture of the Western world in a critically informed way. Students learn to recognise and differentiate between the major architectural styles of the western tradition and gain a greater understanding of the way that buildings are built, and why they look the way they do.
The course takes a more or less chronological look at Architecture from Greek and Roman times and observe how the elements of classical architectural tradition of earlier periods have been reflected and translated through Gothic, Renaissance and Modern architectural styles.
Below is a table of the major archtiectural styles studied with links to further information on the styles and architects who were most prominent during those periods.
|Roman||Sub Style||Architect||Colosseum Pantheon||Italy||1st and 2nd Century|
|Byzantine||Sub Style||Architect||Hagia Sophia||Turkey||1st Century|
|Carolingian||Sub Style||Architect||Lorsch||Germany||8th Century|
|Romanesque||Sub Style||Architect||Duomo di Pisa||Italy||11th Century|
|Gothic||Early||Architect||Laon Cathedral Durham Catherdral||France/UK||12th Century|
|Gothic||Decorated||Architect||York Minster||UK||11th Century|
|Gothic||Perpendicular||Architect||Bath Abbey||UK||12th Century|
|Renaissance||Early||Brunelleschi Alberti||Florence Cathedral S. Francesco||Italy||15th Century|
|Renaissance||High||Bramante||Tempietto S Pietro||Italy||16th Century|
|Renaissance||Mannerism||Michelangelo||Laurentian Library||Italy||16th Century|
|Baroque||European Continental||Guarani Juvarra Vittone||S. Lorenzo Superga Valinotto||Italy||Century|
|Baroque||English||WrenVanbrughHawksmoor||St Paul's Castle Howard Blenheim||UK||Century|
|Neo-Classical||Palladian||Inigo Jones Palladio||Banqueting House Villa Capra||UK/Italy||17th Century|
|Neo-Classical||Post Palladian||Robert Adam||Apsley House||UK||Century|
|Neo-Classical||Empire||Percier Fontaine||Arc de Triomphe||France||19th Century|
|Gothic Revival||Sub Style||Pugin||Palace of Westminster||UK||19th Century|
|Bauhaus||Sub Style||Gropius||Bauhaus||Germany||20th Century|
|Art Nouveau||Modernisme||Gaudi||Sagrada||Spain||20th Century]]|
|Art Deco||Art Deco||Van Allen||Chrysler||USA||20th Century|
|Modern||International||Van de Rohr||Seagram||USA||20th Century|
|Post Modern||Sub Style||Graves||Portland PBS||USA||20th Century|
The Architecture Glossary is here
- The First assigment on Wells Cathedral is here.
- The Second assignment on The dawning of Whiggish philosophy and Architecture is here